Diagnostic and Management Strategies in Patients with Late Recurrent Angina after Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

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Purpose of Review: This review will outline the current evidence on the anatomical, functional, and physiological tools that may be applied in the evaluation of patients with late recurrent angina after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Furthermore, we discuss management strategies and propose an algorithm to guide decision-making for this complex patient population. Recent Findings: Patients with prior CABG often present with late recurrent angina as a result of bypass graft failure and progression of native coronary artery disease (CAD). These patients are generally older, have a higher prevalence of comorbidities, and more complex atherosclerotic lesion morphology compared to CABG-naïve patients. In addition, guideline recommendations are based on studies in which post-CABG patients have been largely excluded. Summary: Several invasive and non-invasive diagnostic tools are currently available to assess graft patency, the hemodynamic significance of native CAD progression, left ventricular function, and myocardial viability. Such tools, in particular the latest generation coronary computed tomography angiography, are part of a systematic diagnostic work-up to guide optimal repeat revascularization strategy in patients presenting with late recurrent angina after CABG.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCurrent Cardiology Reports
Early online date2022
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2022


  • Diagnostic algorithm
  • Late recurrent angina
  • Prior coronary artery bypass grafting
  • Repeat revascularization

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