Digesting the role of bone marrow macrophages on hematopoiesis

Esther Heideveld, Emile van den Akker

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tissue resident macrophages are found in various tissues like Langerhans cells in the skin or alveolar macrophages in the lung, and their main function is to regulate organ homeostasis. They have also been observed in the bone marrow and these cells in particular have been gaining importance in recent years as they are key players in hematopoiesis. However, as the characterization and classification of these putatively different bone marrow resident macrophages is far from established there is a need to generate an overview of tissue resident macrophages of the bone marrow. Here, we will review the current knowledge of bone marrow resident macrophages both in mouse and human. We will discuss the state of the art on the origin of bone marrow macrophages, specialized microenvironments where they reside and their unique characteristics. We will emphasize the two best studied examples of macrophage homeo-static function in the bone marrow, specifically within erythroblastic islands and the hematopoietic stem cell niche. Although increasing evidence shows that bone marrow resident macrophages are indispensable for hematopoietic stem cell function and bone marrow erythroid output, the field of bone marrow macrophages is in its infancy. This field is in dire need for a unified nomenclature to support functional experiments, model systems, and the identification of niches. (c) 2016 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)814-822
JournalImmunobiology
Volume222
Issue number6
Early online date2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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