Digital tomosynthesis for verifying spine position during radiotherapy: a phantom study

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10 Citations (Scopus)


Monitoring the stability of patient position is essential during high-precision radiotherapy such as spine stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT). We evaluated the combination of digital tomosynthesis (DTS) and triangulation for spine position detection, using non-clinical DTS software and an anthropomorphic pelvic phantom that includes a bone-like spine structure. Kilovoltage cone beam CT projection images over 2-16° gantry rotation were used to generate single slice DTS images. Each DTS slice was registered to a digitally reconstructed DTS derived from the planning CT scan to determine 2D shifts between actual phantom and treatment plan position. Two or more DTS registrations, central axes 4-22° apart, were triangulated to determine the 3D phantom position. Using sequentially generated DTS images, the phantom position can be updated every degree with a small latency of DTS and triangulation angle. The precision of position determination was investigated as function of DTS and triangulation angle. To mimic the scenario of spine SBRT, the effect on the standard deviation of megavoltage radiation delivery during kV image acquisition was tested. In addition, the ability of the system to detect different types of movement was investigated for a variety of small sudden and gradual movements during kV image acquisition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5717-33
Number of pages17
JournalPhysics in medicine and biology
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 21 Aug 2013


  • Humans
  • Movement
  • Phantoms, Imaging
  • Radiographic Image Enhancement/instrumentation
  • Radiotherapy, Image-Guided/instrumentation
  • Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated
  • Spine/diagnostic imaging
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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