Do Lacunar Infarcts Have Different Aetiologies? Risk Factor Profiles of Lacunar Infarcts in Deep White Matter and Basal Ganglia: The Second Manifestations of ARTerial Disease-Magnetic Resonance Study

Raoul P. Kloppenborg, Paul J. Nederkoorn, Anne M. Grool, Laurens J. L. de Cocker, Willem P. T. M. Mali, Yolanda van der Graaf, Mirjam I. Geerlings

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Abstract

Evidence suggests that lacunar infarcts have different etiologies, possibly related to their anatomical location and vascular territory. We investigated the risk factor profiles of patients with new lacunar infarcts in the basal ganglia and deep white matter. Within the Second Manifestations of ARTerial disease-Magnetic Resonance study, a prospective cohort on brain changes on MRI in patients with symptomatic atherosclerotic disease, 679 patients (57 ± 9 years) had vascular screening and MRI at baseline and after a mean follow-up of 3.9 years. We investigated the association between vascular risk factors at baseline and appearance of new lacunar infarcts in the basal ganglia and deep white matter at follow-up. New lacunar infarcts appeared in 44 patients in the basal ganglia and in 37 patients in the deep white matter. In multivariable analysis, older age, history of cerebrovascular disease, and baseline white matter hyperintensity (WMH) volume were associated with increased risk of new lacunar infarcts in both locations. Hyperhomocysteinemia was associated with increased risk of lacunar infarcts in the basal ganglia (relative risk [RR] 2.0; 95% CI 1.0-4.2), whereas carotid stenosis >70% (RR 2.5; 95% CI 1.2-5.0), smoking (per 10 pack-year: RR 1.1; 95% CI 1.0-1.3), hypertension (RR 3.4; 95% CI 1.2-9.7), and progression of WMH volume (RR 2.4; 95% CI 1.1-5.2) were associated with increased risk of lacunar infarcts in the deep white matter. The different risk factor profiles for new lacunar infarcts in basal ganglia and deep white matter indicate different etiologies. The independent association between progression of WMH and new deep white matter lacunar infarcts suggest a common etiology for these radiological abnormalities
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-168
JournalCerebrovascular diseases (Basel, Switzerland)
Volume43
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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