DuoHexaBody-CD37®, a novel biparatopic CD37 antibody with enhanced Fc-mediated hexamerization as a potential therapy for B-cell malignancies

Simone C. Oostindie, Hilma J. van der Horst, Laurens P. Kil, Kristin Strumane, Marije B. Overdijk, Edward N. van den Brink, Jeroen H.N. van den Brakel, Hendrik J. Rademaker, Berris van Kessel, Juliette van den Noort, Martine E.D. Chamuleau, Tuna Mutis, Margaret A. Lindorfer, Ronald P. Taylor, Janine Schuurman, Paul W.H.I. Parren, Frank J. Beurskens, Esther C.W. Breij

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)


Tetraspanin CD37 has recently received renewed interest as a therapeutic target for B-cell malignancies. Although complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) is a powerful Fc-mediated effector function for killing hematological cancer cells, CD37-specific antibodies are generally poor inducers of CDC. To enhance CDC, the E430G mutation was introduced into humanized CD37 monoclonal IgG1 antibodies to drive more efficient IgG hexamer formation through intermolecular Fc-Fc interactions after cell surface antigen binding. DuoHexaBody-CD37, a bispecific CD37 antibody with the E430G hexamerization-enhancing mutation targeting two non-overlapping epitopes on CD37 (biparatopic), demonstrated potent and superior CDC activity compared to other CD37 antibody variants evaluated, in particular ex vivo in patient-derived chronic lymphocytic leukemia cells. The superior CDC potency was attributed to enhanced IgG hexamerization mediated by the E430G mutation in combination with dual epitope targeting. The mechanism of action of DuoHexaBody-CD37 was shown to be multifaceted, as it was additionally capable of inducing efficient antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity and antibody-dependent cellular phagocytosis in vitro. Finally, potent anti-tumor activity in vivo was observed in cell line- and patient-derived xenograft models from different B-cell malignancy subtypes. These encouraging preclinical results suggest that DuoHexaBody-CD37 (GEN3009) may serve as a potential therapeutic antibody for the treatment of human B-cell malignancies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number30
JournalBlood Cancer Journal
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2020

Cite this