Introduction Hypotension is common during cardiac surgery and often persists postoperatively in the intensive care unit (ICU). Still, treatment is mainly reactive, causing a delay in its management. The Hypotension Prediction Index (HPI) can predict hypotension with high accuracy. Using the HPI combined with a guidance protocol resulted in a significant reduction in the severity of hypotension in four non-cardiac surgery trials. This randomised trial aims to evaluate the effectiveness of the HPI in combination with a diagnostic guidance protocol on reducing the occurrence and severity of hypotension during coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery and subsequent ICU admission. Methods and analysis This is a single-centre, randomised clinical trial in adult patients undergoing elective on-pump CABG surgery with a target mean arterial pressure of 65 mm Hg. One hundred and thirty patients will be randomly allocated in a 1:1 ratio to either the intervention or control group. In both groups, a HemoSphere patient monitor with embedded HPI software will be connected to the arterial line. In the intervention group, HPI values of 75 or above will initiate the diagnostic guidance protocol, both intraoperatively and postoperatively in the ICU during mechanical ventilation. In the control group, the HemoSphere patient monitor will be covered and silenced. The primary outcome is the time-weighted average of hypotension during the combined study phases. Ethics and dissemination The medical research ethics committee and the institutional review board of the Amsterdam UMC, location AMC, the Netherlands, approved the trial protocol (NL76236.018.21). No publication restrictions apply, and the study results will be disseminated through a peer-reviewed journal. Trial registration number The Netherlands Trial Register (NL9449), ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT05821647).
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere061832
JournalBMJ Open
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2 May 2023

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