Effectiveness of a Combined Social and Physical Environmental Intervention on Presenteeism, Absenteeism, Work Performance, and Work Engagement in Office Employees

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE:: To investigate the effectiveness of a combined social and physical environmental intervention as well as the effectiveness of both separate interventions. METHODS:: In a 2 × 2 factorial design, 412 office employees were allocated to the combined social and physical environmental intervention, to the social environmental intervention only, to the physical environmental intervention only, or were part of the control group. Data on presenteeism, absenteeism, work performance, and work engagement were obtained with questionnaires at baseline, 6, and 12 months. Multilevel analyses were performed. RESULTS:: The combined intervention showed a decrease in contextual performance and dedication. The social environmental intervention showed an improvement in task performance. The physical environmental intervention revealed an improvement in absorption. CONCLUSION:: Although the study showed some promising results, it is not recommended to implement the current interventions. © 2014 Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)258-265
JournalJournal of occupational and environmental medicine
Volume56
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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