Effects of HIV-1 Tat protein on human T cell proliferation

L. Meyaard, S. A. Otto, H. Schuitemaker, F. Miedema

Research output: Contribution to JournalComment / Letter to the editorAcademic

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In inducing immunodeficiency in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 infection, a role for the HIV-1 Tat protein has been suggested. In addition to effects on viral transcription, the protein has been ascribed immunosuppressive functions, which were investigated in this study. Proliferation of purified T cells to CD3 monoclonal antibodies immobilized to plastic plates was inhibited up to 70% by addition of 5 micrograms/ml of the Tat protein. This inhibitory effect, however, was not observed in the presence of accessory cells. Furthermore, no effect of Tat protein could be observed on T cell proliferative responses to recall antigen which most likely is related to the presence of accessory cells in the cultures. Taken together, our results do not imply an important role for immunosuppressive effects of Tat in induction of immunodeficiency as observed in HIV infection in vivo
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2729-2732
JournalEuropean Journal of Immunology
Volume22
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1992

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