Background: Use of long-term tobramycin inhalation solution (TIS) has been shown beneficial in cystic fibrosis (CF) and earlier findings also suggest a benefit in non-CF bronchiectasis. We investigated the efficacy and safety of maintenance TIS once daily (OD) in frequent exacerbating bronchiectasis patients chronically infected by different pathogens sensitive for tobramycin. Objective: The primary outcome was the frequency of exacerbations during the 12-month study period. Secondary outcomes were time to first exacerbation, change in lung function and quality of life (QoL), bacterial analysis and safety. Results: 58 patients were included of which 52 were analyzed in the mITT analysis. TIS reduced exacerbation frequency with a RR of 0.74 (95% CI 0.49–1.14) (p = 0.15). Within the TIS population a decrease in number of exacerbations was found (2; p = 0.00), which was also seen in the placebo-treated patients (1.5; p = 0.00). In the TIS-treated patients the QoL improved (LRTI-VAS p = 0.02 Leicester Cough p = 0.02) without additional safety concerns. No differences were found for the other secondary outcomes. Conclusion: Long-term TIS OD is a safe treatment modality and showed a non-significant reduced exacerbation frequency of 0.74 as compared to placebo in bronchiectasis patients chronically infected by tobramycin sensitive pathogens. TIS OD may be a potential therapeutic strategy in selected patients with bronchiectasis suffering from a high burden of disease. Trail registration number: The BATTLE study was registered at Clinical trials.gov number: NCT02657473. Date: 13 august 2016.
- Tobramycin inhalation solution