Effects of Nissen fundoplication on gastro-oesophageal reflux and oesophageal motor function

R. Breumelhof, R. Timmer, J. H. Nadorp, A. J. Smout

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BACKGROUND: Nissen fundoplication reduces gastro-oesophageal reflux effectively, but the mechanisms through which this effect is brought about have remained rather obscure. METHODS: In this study the effect of fundoplication on oesophageal acid exposure, oesophageal body motility, and lower oesophageal sphincter pressure (LOSP) was assessed prospectively. Eleven patients were studied before and 3 months after a floppy Nissen fundoplication. A Dent sleeve was used to measure LOSP, and ambulatory pH and pressure monitoring were used to evaluate oesophageal motor function. RESULTS: Gastro-oesophageal reflux was significantly decreased after fundoplication without an increase in LOSP. The motor function of the oesophageal body was not affected by the antireflux procedure. CONCLUSIONS: Nissen fundoplication is an effective antireflux operation, even though the procedure does not increase LOSP, and the motility pattern of the oesophageal body is not affected by the construction of a floppy fundic wrap
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)201-204
JournalScandinavian journal of gastroenterology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1995

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