Effects of the cholesteryl ester transfer protein inhibitor, TA-8995, on cholesterol efflux capacity and high-density lipoprotein particle subclasses

Julian C. van Capelleveen, John J. P. Kastelein, Aeilko H. Zwinderman, Sander J. H. van Deventer, Heidi L. Collins, Steven J. Adelman, Patrick Round, John Ford, Daniel J. Rader, G. Kees Hovingh

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TA-8995 is a potent inhibitor of cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) with beneficial effects on lipids and lipoproteins. The effect of TA-8995 on cholesterol efflux capacity (CEC), a measure of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) function, and HDL subparticle distribution is largely unknown. To assess the effect of the CETP inhibitor TA-8995 on ABCA1- and non-ABCA1-driven CEC and on HDL particle distribution. Total, non-ABCA1-, and ABCA1-specific CEC from J774 cells and HDL subclass distribution assessed by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis were measured at baseline and after 12-week treatment in 187 mild-dyslipidemic patients randomized to placebo, 1 mg, 5 mg, 10 mg TA-8995, or 10 mg TA-8995 combined with 10 mg rosuvastatin (NCT01970215). Compared with placebo, total, non-ABCA1-, and ABCA1-specific CEC were increased dose dependently by up to 38%, 72%, and 28%, respectively, in patients randomized to 10 mg of TA-8995. PreBeta-1 HDL, the primary acceptor for ABCA1-driven cholesterol efflux, was increased by 36%. This increase in preBeta-1 HDL correlated significantly with the total and the ABCA1-driven CEC increase, whereas the high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) increase did not. TA-8995 dose dependently increased not only total and non-ABCA1-specific CEC but also ABCA1-specific CEC and preBeta-1 HDL particle levels. These findings suggest that TA-8995 not only increases HDL-C levels but also promotes functional properties of HDL particles. This CETP inhibitor-driven preBeta-1 HDL increase is an important predictor of both ABCA1 and total CEC increase, independent of HDL-C increase. Whether these changes in HDL particle composition and functionality have a beneficial effect on cardiovascular outcome requires formal testing in a cardiovascular outcome trial
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1137-1144.e3
JournalJournal of clinical lipidology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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