EFFECTS OF THYROID-HORMONE ON MITOCHONDRIAL OXIDATIVE-PHOSPHORYLATION

A. J. Verhoeven, P. Kamer, A. K. Groen, J. M. Tager

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Abstract

In order to locate sites of action of thyroid hormone on mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation we have used an experimental application of control analysis as previously described [Groen, Wanders, Westerhoff, Van der Meer & Tager (1982) J. Biol. Chem. 257, 2754-2757]. Rat-liver mitochondria were isolated from hypothyroid rats or from hypothyroid rats 24 h after treatment with a single dose of 3,3',5-triiodothyronine (T3). The amount of control exerted by four different steps on State-3 respiration with succinate as respiratory substrate was quantified by using specific inhibitors. The hormone treatment resulted in an increase in the flux control coefficient of the adenine nucleotide translocator, the dicarboxylate carrier and cytochrome c oxidase and a decrease in the flux control coefficient of the bc1-complex. The results of this analysis indicate that thyroid hormone treatment results in an activation of the bc1-complex and of at least one other enzyme, possibly succinate dehydrogenase. Measurement of the extramitochondrial ATP/ADP ratio at different rates of respiration (induced by addition of different amounts of hexokinase in the presence of glucose and ATP) showed that the adenine nucleotide translocator operates at a higher (ATP/ADP)out after T3 treatment, which supports previous reports on stimulation of this step by thyroid hormone
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-192
JournalBiochemical journal
Volume226
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1985

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