Elecsys® Total-Tau and Phospho-Tau (181P) CSF assays: Analytical performance of the novel, fully automated immunoassays for quantification of tau proteins in human cerebrospinal fluid

Valeria Lifke, Gwendlyn Kollmorgen, Ekaterina Manuilova, Tobias Oelschlaegel, Lars Hillringhaus, Monika Widmann, Christine A. F. von Arnim, Markus Otto, Robert H. Christenson, Jennifer L. Powers, Leslie M. Shaw, Oskar Hansson, James D. Doecke, Qiao-Xin Li, Charlotte Teunissen, Hayrettin Tumani, Kaj Blennow

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Background: Total tau (tTau) and phosphorylated 181P tau (pTau) are supportive diagnostic cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers for Alzheimer's disease. Manual CSF tau assays are limited by lot-to-lot and between-laboratory variability and long incubation/turnaround times. Elecsys® Total-Tau CSF and Phospho-Tau (181P) CSF immunoassays were developed for fully automated cobas e analyzers, allowing broader access in clinical practice and trials. Methods: Analytical performance, reproducibility, method comparisons with commercially available assays, and lot-to-lot and platform comparability (cobas e 601/411) of the Elecsys® CSF assays were assessed. Tau distributions and concentration ranges were evaluated in CSF samples from two clinical cohorts. Results: Both assays showed high sensitivity (limit of quantitation [LoQ]: 63 pg/mL [tTau]; 4 pg/mL [pTau]) and linearity over the measuring range (80–1300 pg/mL; 8–120 pg/mL), which covered the entire concentration range measured in clinical samples. Lot-to-lot and platform comparability demonstrated good consistency (Pearson's r: 0.998; 1.000). Multicenter evaluation coefficients of variation (CVs): repeatability, < 1.8%; intermediate precision, < 2.8%; between-laboratory variability, < 2.7% (both assays); and total reproducibility, < 6.7% (tTau) and < 4.7% (pTau). Elecsys® CSF assays demonstrated good correlation with commercially available tau assays. Conclusions: Elecsys® Total-Tau CSF and Phospho-Tau (181P) CSF assays demonstrate good analytical performance with clinically relevant measuring ranges; data support their use in clinical trials and practice.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30-38
JournalClinical Biochemistry
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2019

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