Emerging Biological Treatment Methods for Ankle Joint and Soft Tissue Conditions: Clinical Applications as Alternative or Adjuvant: Clinical Applications as Alternative or Adjuvant

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In the past 2 decades, there has been a rapid expansion of clinical studies investigating the safety and efficacy of biological treatment methods for a wide range of diseases. These biological treatment methods increasingly are used in clinical practice based on limited available evidence. This article provides an overview of evidence on biological treatment methods for foot and ankle pathologies, including ankle osteoarthritis, osteochondral lesions of the talus, and Achilles tendinopathy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-235
Number of pages11
JournalFoot and ankle clinics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021


  • Achilles tendinopathy
  • Ankle
  • Ankle osteoarthritis
  • Biological treatment methods
  • Biologicals
  • Current concepts
  • Foot
  • Osteochondral lesion

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