Endothelin-1 signaling maintains glial progenitor proliferation in the postnatal subventricular zone

Katrina L. Adams, Giulia Riparini, Payal Banerjee, Marjolein Breur, Marianna Bugiani, Vittorio Gallo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Signaling molecules that regulate neurodevelopmental processes in the early postnatal subventricular zone (SVZ) are critical for proper brain development yet remain poorly characterized. Here, we report that Endothelin-1 (ET-1), a molecular component of the postnatal SVZ, promotes radial glial cell maintenance and proliferation in an autocrine manner via Notch signaling. Loss of ET-1 signaling increases neurogenesis and reduces oligodendrocyte progenitor cell proliferation (OPC) in the developing SVZ, thereby altering cellular output of the stem cell niche. We also show that ET-1 is required for increased neural stem cell and OPC proliferation in the adult mouse SVZ following demyelination. Lastly, high levels of ET-1 in the SVZ of patients with Cathepsin A-related arteriopathy with strokes and leukoencephalopathy correlate with an increased number of SVZ OPCs, suggesting ET-1’s role as a regulator of glial progenitor proliferation may be conserved in humans. ET-1 signaling therefore presents a potential new therapeutic target for promoting SVZ-mediated cellular repair.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2138
JournalNature communications
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2020

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