Enhanced coagulation activation in preeclampsia: the role of APC resistance, microparticles and other plasma constituents

Marja J. VanWijk, Kees Boer, René J. Berckmans, Joost C. M. Meijers, Joris A. M. van der Post, Augueste Sturk, Ed VanBavel, Rienk Nieuwland

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Coagulation activation in pregnancy is further enhanced in preeclampsia. We investigated whether this results from increased thrombin generation by the plasma itself or its cell-derived microparticles. Plasma samples were obtained from preeclamptic, normal pregnant and nonpregnant women (each n = 10). Prothrombin fragment 1+2 (F1+2) and thrombin-antithrombin complex (TAT) concentrations were increased in pregnancy and further increased in preeclampsia. In pregnancy and preeclampsia, increased activated protein C resistance occurred (APC sensitivity ratio: 3.3 +/- 0.8 and 2.5 +/- 0.8, both P <0.001 vs. nonpregnant). In normal pregnant microparticle-free plasma the thrombin generation correlated with TAT (r = 0,84, P = 0.005) and APC resistance correlated with F-1divided by2 (r = 0.68, P = 0.04). In preeclampsia thrombin generation by plasma was increased (P = 0.005), independent of APC resistance. Thrombin generation by microparticles was similar in all groups, although different coagulation activation pathways were utilized, indicating that circulating microparticles are not directly involved in coagulation activation in pregnancy and preeclampsia. In contrast, APC resistance can explain coagulation activation in pregnancy, while enhanced coagulation activation in preeclampsia results, in part, from an increased thrombin generating capacity of plasma independent pendent of APC resistance
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)415-420
JournalThrombosis and haemostasis
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2002

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