Epigenome wide association study of response to methotrexate in early rheumatoid arthritis patients

Helen R. Gosselt, Costanza L. Vallerga, Pooja R. Mandaviya, Erik Lubberts, Johanna M.W. Hazes, Robert De Jonge, Sandra G. Heil

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Abstract

Aim To identify differentially methylated positions (DMPs) and regions (DMRs) that predict response to Methotrexate (MTX) in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Materials and methods DNA from baseline peripheral blood mononuclear cells was extracted from 72 RA patients. DNA methylation, quantified using the Infinium MethylationEPIC, was assessed in relation to response to MTX (combination) therapy over the first 3 months. Results Baseline DMPs associated with response were identified; including hits previously described in RA. Additionally, 1309 DMR regions were observed. However, none of these findings were genome-wide significant. Likewise, no specific pathways were related to response, nor could we replicate associations with previously identified DMPs. Conclusion No baseline genome-wide significant differences were identified as biomarker for MTX (combination) therapy response; hence meta-Analyses are required.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0247709
JournalPLOS ONE
Volume16
Issue number3 March
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021

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