Epigenotyping as a tool for the prediction of tumor risk and tumor type in patients with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS)

Jet Bliek, Christine Gicquel, Saskia Maas, Véronique Gaston, Yves Le Bouc, Marcel Mannens

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Objectives Patients with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS) have a risk of 7.5% to 10% of developing childhood tumors, 60% of which are Wilms' tumors. Aberrant methylation of two distinct clusters of imprinted genes on chromosome 11p15 is detected in similar to70% of BWS cases. Our aim was to determine associations between the imprinting status of both imprinting clusters (BWSIC1/2) and the tumor incidence and type. Study design Methylation patterns of H19 and KCNQ1OT1 were collected in 114 patients with BWS with a clinical diagnosis. The patients were followed until 5 years of age, and tumor incidence and type were registered. Results A lower risk of developing childhood tumors was found among patients with a methylation defect limited to BWSIC2 compared with other patients with BWS. No Wilms' tumors were found in this group, whereas in patients with a methylation defect limited to BWS1C1 Wilms' tumor was the most common tumor. Conclusions In addition to clinical factors indicative for a high tumor risk (hemihypertrophy, nephromegaly), methylation patterns discriminate between patients with BWS with a high and low tumor risk. It also is possible to predict whether they are at risk of developing a Wilms' tumor. Epigenotyping of patients is important to select the type of screening protocol to be proposed to these patients
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)796-799
JournalJournal of Pediatrics
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2004

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