Evaluation of a novel monoclonal enzyme immunoassay for detection of Helicobacter pylori antigen in stool from children

S. Koletzko, N. Konstantopoulos, D.K. Bosman, A. Feydt-Schmidt, A. van der Ende, N. Kalach, J. Raymond, H. Russmann

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Background: Reliable non-invasive methods for detection of Helicobacter pylori infection are required to investigate the incidence, transmission, and clearance of infection in childhood. Aim: To evaluate a new monoclonal enzyme immunoassay (EIA) (FemtoLab H pylori Cnx) for detection of H pylori antigen in stool in a large cohort of children compared with invasive diagnostic methods and the C-13 urea breath test. Patients and methods: A total of 302 symptomatic previously untreated children (aged 0.5-18.7 years; 148 girls) were recruited at three centres. H pylori status was defined by results of culture, histology, the rapid urease test, and the C-13 urea breath test. Stool samples were investigated locally by the EIA using two different production lots. According to the manufacturer's recommendations, an optical density (OD) of 0.150 was used as a cut off value. Results: OD values clearly differentiated between the 92 H pylori infected and the 210 non-infected children (median (5th-95th percentiles) 2.729 (0.232 --> 4.000) v 0.021 (0.009-0.075)). Only two false positive and two false negative results occurred, giving a sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of 98%, 99%, 98%, and 99%, respectively. No significant relation was found between age and OD values in infected or non-infected children. Conclusions: The monoclonal stool antigen EIA was excellent in diagnosing H pylori infection in symptomatic children. Accuracy was independent of the laboratory, production lot used, or the child's age. Because only 18/116 children <6 years of age were infected with H pylori, further validation of the test is needed in young infected children
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)804-806
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2003


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