Study Objectives: (1) To investigate if drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) findings are predictive of surgical response for patients undergoing maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and (2) to investigate the predictive value of the jaw thrust maneuver during DISE in terms of surgical response to MMA. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in patients with OSA who underwent a baseline polysomnography (PSG) and DISE followed by MMA and a 3- to 6-month follow-up PSG between September 1, 2011, and September 30, 2020. Results: Sixty-four patients with OSA (50 males [78.1%]; mean ± SD age = 51.7 ± 9.5 years; mean ± SD apnea-hypopnea index = 49.0 ± 20.8 events/h) were included. Thirty-nine patients were responders, and 25 were nonresponders. Adjusting for baseline characteristics and surgical characteristics (eg, age, baseline apnea-hypopnea index, degree of maxillary advancement), patients with complete anteroposterior epiglottic collapse had 0.239 times lower odds for response to MMA (95% confidence interval, 0.059–0.979; P = .047). No significant relationship was found between complete concentric velum collapse and MMA response. There was no statistically significant association between effect of jaw thrust maneuver during DISE on upper airway patency and treatment outcome of MMA. Conclusions: This study indicates that DISE is a promising tool to identify patients who will or will not respond to MMA for treating OSA. Patients with complete anteroposterior epiglottic collapse may be less suitable candidates for MMA.
- drug-induced sleep endoscopy
- maxillomandibular advancement
- obstructive sleep apnea
- surgical response