Evaluation of six methylation markers derived from genome-wide screens for detection of cervical precancer and cancer

Stèfanie Dick, Lisanne Verhoef, Lise Ma De Strooper, Iuliana Ciocănea-Teodorescu, G Bea A Wisman, Chris Jlm Meijer, Maaike Cg Bleeker, Renske Dm Steenbergen, Daniëlle Am Heideman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Aim: To evaluate the triage performance of six host-cell DNA methylation markers derived from two genome-wide discovery screens for detection of cervical precancer (cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 3 [CIN]) and cancer. Materials & methods: Human papillomavirus-positive cervical scrapes of controls (≤CIN1; n = 352) and women diagnosed with CIN3 (n = 175) or cervical cancer (n = 50) were analyzed for methylation of ASCL1, LHX8, ST6GALNAC5, GHSR, SST and ZIC1. Results: Methylation levels increased significantly with disease severity (all markers p < 0.001). Three markers (ASCL1, LHX8, ZIC1) showed receiver operating characteristic curves with area under the curve >0.800 after leave-one-out cross-validation. Bi-marker panel ASCL1/LHX8 had highest area under the curve (0.882), and detected 83.4% of CIN3 and all cervical cancers at specificity of 82.4%. Conclusion: All six methylation markers showed an equivalent, high performance for the triage of human papillomavirus-positive women using cervical scrapes with complementarity between markers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1569-1578
Number of pages10
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2020


  • ASCL1
  • DNA methylation markers
  • LHX8
  • cervical cancer
  • cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
  • cervical screening
  • human genome methylation
  • human papillomavirus
  • triage testing

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