Factor XIII Val34Leu and the risk of venous thromboembolism in factor V Leiden carriers

R. F. Franco, S. Middeldorp, J. R. Meinardi, E. C. van Pampus, P. H. Reitsma

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A mutation in factor XIII (Val34Leu) was reported to protect against venous thromboembolism. We evaluated the effect of Val34Leu on thrombotic risk in 352 factor V Leiden carriers who were first-degree relatives of 132 thrombotic propositi carrying factor V Leiden. The total observation period was 2,594 years in 92 Val34Leu carriers and 7,444 years in 260 non-carriers. The annual incidence of a first episode of venous thromboembolism was 0.31% in Val34Leu carriers and 0.44% in non-carriers [relative risk (RR) for venous thromboembolism: 0.7, 95% CI 0.3-1.5]. Age-specific RR for venous thromboembolism were (for Val34Leu carriers and non-carriers respectively): 1.0 (95% CI 0.3-3.2) in the age group of 15-30 years, 0.4 (95%, CI 0.05-3.0) in the age group of 30-45 years, 0.6 (95% CI 0.1-2.9) in the group aged 45-60 years and 0.5 (95% CI 0.06-4.5) in relatives older than 60 years. In conclusion, the impact of FXIII Val34Leu on the venous thromboembolic risk is modest, suggesting that screening for this mutation in factor V Leiden carriers is not justified
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)118-121
JournalBritish Journal of Haematology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2000

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