FcγRIIA-specific DARPins as novel tools in blood cell analysis and platelet aggregation

Vanessa Riechert, Sascha Hein, Mayken Visser, Mathias Zimmermann, Jan Wesche, Philipp A. Adams, Samuel A. Theuerkauf, Arezoo Jamali, Andrea Wangorsch, Andreas Reuter, Alexander O. Pasternak, Jessica Hartmann, Andreas Greinacher, Elena Herrera-Carrillo, Ben Berkhout, Klaus Cichutek, Christian J. Buchholz

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fc receptors are involved in a variety of physiologically and disease-relevant responses. Among them, FcγRIIA (CD32a) is known for its activating functions in pathogen recognition and platelet biology, and, as potential marker of T lymphocytes latently infected with HIV-1. The latter has not been without controversy due to technical challenges complicated by T-B cell conjugates and trogocytosis as well as a lack of antibodies distinguishing between the closely related isoforms of FcγRII. To generate high-affinity binders specific for FcγRIIA, libraries of designed ankyrin repeat proteins (DARPins) were screened for binding to its extracellular domains by ribosomal display. Counterselection against FcγRIIB eliminated binders cross-reacting with both isoforms. The identified DARPins bound FcγRIIA with no detectable binding for FcγRIIB. Their affinities for FcγRIIA were in the low nanomolar range and could be enhanced by cleavage of the His-tag and dimerization. Interestingly, complex formation between DARPin and FcγRIIA followed a two-state reaction model, and discrimination from FcγRIIB was based on a single amino acid residue. In flow cytometry, DARPin F11 detected FcγRIIA+ cells even when they made up less than 1% of the cell population. Image stream analysis of primary human blood cells confirmed that F11 caused dim but reliable cell surface staining of a small subpopulation of T lymphocytes. When incubated with platelets, F11 inhibited their aggregation equally efficient as antibodies unable to discriminate between both FcγRII isoforms. The selected DARPins are unique novel tools for platelet aggregation studies as well as the role of FcγRIIA for the latent HIV-1 reservoir.
Original languageEnglish
Article number104743
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume299
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2023

Keywords

  • DARPin
  • Fc receptors
  • HIV
  • binding site
  • surface plasmon resonance
  • thrombocytes

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