Fecal proteolytic profiling of pediatric inflammatory bowel disease: A pilot study

Wieke Haak, Jasmijn Z. Jagt, Tim G.J. de Meij, Floris J. Bikker, Henk S. Brand, Nanne K.H. de Boer, Wendy E. Kaman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Colonoscopy is the gold standard for diagnosing inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, this invasive procedure has a high burden for pediatric patients. Previous research has shown elevated fecal amino acid concentrations in children with IBD versus controls. We hypothesized that this finding could result from increased proteolytic activity. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate whether fecal protease-based profiling was able to discriminate between IBD and controls. Protease activity was measured in fecal samples from patients with IBD (Crohn's disease (CD) n = 19; ulcerative colitis (UC) n = 19) and non-IBD controls (n = 19) using a fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET)-peptide library. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to determine the diagnostic value of each FRET-peptide substrate. Screening the FRET-peptide library revealed an increased total proteolytic activity (TPA), as well as degradation of specific FRET-peptides specifically in fecal samples from IBD patients. Based on level of significance (p <.001) and ROC curve analysis (AUC > 0.85), the fluorogenic substrates W-W, A-A, a-a, F-h, and H-y showed diagnostic potential for CD. The substrates W-W, a-a, T-t, G-v, and H-y showed diagnostic potential for UC based on significance (p <.001) and ROC analysis (AUC > 0.90). None of the FRET-peptide substrates used was able to differentiate between protease activity in fecal samples from CD versus UC. This study showed an increased fecal proteolytic activity in children with newly diagnosed, treatment-naïve, IBD. This could lead to the development of novel, noninvasive biomarkers for screening and diagnostic purposes.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere23627
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalFASEB Journal
Volume38
Issue number9
Early online date1 May 2024
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2024

Keywords

  • Crohn's disease
  • biomarker
  • inflammatory bowel disease
  • protease
  • ulcerative colitis

Cite this