Fibronectin decreases the stimulatory effect of fibrin and fibrinogen fragment FCB-2 on plasmin formation by tissue plasminogen activator

R. Beckmann, M. Geiger, C. [=Carlie J. M.] de Vries, H. Pannekoek, B. R. Binder

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Abstract

Fibronectin is a dimeric glycoprotein (Mr 440,000) involved in many adhesive processes. During blood coagulation it is bound and cross-linked to fibrin. Fibrin binding is achieved by structures (type I repeats) which are homologous to the "finger" domain of tissue plasminogen activator. Tissue plasminogen activator also binds to fibrin via the finger domain and additionally via the "kringle 2" domain. Fibrin binding of tissue plasminogen activator results in stimulation of its activity and plays a crucial role in fibrinolysis. Since fibronectin might interfere with this binding, we studied the effect of fibronectin on plasmin formation by tissue plasminogen activator. In the absence of fibrin, fibronectin had no effect on plasminogen activation. In the presence of stimulating fibrinogen fragment FCB-2, fibronectin increased the duration of the initial lag phase (= time period until maximally stimulated plasmin formation occurs) and decreased the rate of maximal plasmin formation which occurs after that lag phase mainly by increasing the Michaelis constant (Km). These effects of fibronectin were dose-dependent and were similar with single- and two-chain tissue plasminogen activator. They were also observed with plasmin-pretreated FCB-2. An apparent Ki of 43 micrograms/ml was calculated for the inhibitory effect of fibronectin when plasminogen activation by recombinant single-chain tissue plasminogen activator was studied in the presence of 91 micrograms/ml FCB-2. When a recombinant tissue plasminogen activator mutant lacking the finger domain was used in a system containing FCB-2, no effect of fibronectin was seen, indicating that the inhibitory effect of fibronectin might in fact be due to competition of fibronectin and tissue plasminogen activator for binding to fibrin(ogen) via the finger domain
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2227-2232
JournalJournal of biological chemistry
Volume266
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1991

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