First-trimester serum marker distribution in singleton pregnancies conceived with assisted reproduction

M.A.M.J. Engels, M.J. Kooij, R. Schats, J.W.R. Twisk, M.A. Blankenstein, J.M.G. van Vugt

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Objective: To evaluate marker distribution of free β-human chorionic gonadotrophin (fβ-hCG) and pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) in singleton pregnancies conceived by assisted reproduction techniques (ART). Methods: In vitro fertilization (IVF) (n = 203) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) (n = 192) cases from a database of 14 645 first-trimester combined tests (overall study group) were selected and matched to 1164 controls for gestational age at sample date and maternal age. Results: In the IVF group and ICSI group, lnPAPP-A was lower (IVF 6.74 vs 7.08; P = 0.0001; ICSI 6.59 vs 7.07; P = 0.0001) compared with the matched controls. Lnfβ-hCG was lower in the IVF group (3.75 vs 3.90; P = 0.005) but not significantly different in the ICSI group (3.87 vs 3.93; P = 0.27). The computed correction factors for PAPP-A and fβ-hCG were 1.42 and 1.17 for the IVF group and 1.56 and 1.05 for the ICSI group. The false-positive rate (FPR) in the IVF and ICSI group compared with the matched controls was higher (IVF 10.3% vs 8.6% and ICSI 10.9% vs 7.5%). In the overall age-biased [maternal age significantly lower compared with all ART and control groups] study group the FPR was 6.8%. Conclusion: The increase in FPR in the ART groups can be explained by decreased PAPP-A values. Therefore, an adjustment in risk analysis for Down syndrome is suggested. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)372-377
JournalPrenatal diagnosis
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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