Application of functional imaging in ophthalmology requires efficient imaging techniques that can detect and quantify chromophores to visualise processes in vivo. The aim of the present study was to develop and evaluate a fast and affordable imaging system. We describe an eight-band retinal multispectral imaging (MSI) system and compare it with a hyperspectral imaging (HSI) device. Determination of blood oxygen saturation was studied as proof of principle. Reflectance of incident light is measured as 1/absorbance at different wavelengths between 440 nm and 580 nm. Both devices have incorporated optical bandpass filters in a mydriatic fundus camera. The MSI system scans the retina at eight pre-defined wavelengths specific for the spectrum of haemoglobin. The HSI system acquires a full scan from 480 to 720 nm in 5 nm steps. A simple assessment of the ratio between the absorbance peaks of oxygenated haemoglobin (HbO2 ) and reduced haemoglobin (HbR) was not suitable for generating validated oxygenation maps of the retina. However, a correction algorithm that compares the measured reflectance with reflectance spectra of fully oxygenated and fully deoxygenated blood allowed our MSI setup to estimate relative oxygen saturation at higher levels, but underestimated relative oxygen saturation at lower levels. The MSI device generated better quality images than the HSI device. It allows customisation with filter sets optimised for other chromophores of interest, and augmented with extrinsic contrast imaging agents, it has the potential for a wider range of ophthalmic molecular imaging applications.
Original languageEnglish
Article number4020012
Number of pages14
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2020

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