Functional outcome and quality of life in surgically treated talar neck and body fractures; how is it affected by complications

Olivier Wijers, Hafize Demirci, Fay R. K. Sanders, Jens A. Halm, Tim Schepers

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2 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Since talus fractures are rare, study populations are frequently small. The aim of this study is to describe how surgical treatment of talar neck and body fractures and postoperative complications affect functional outcome and quality of life measured by validated questionnaires. Methods: All patients following surgically treated talar neck and/or body fracture between January 2000 and December 2019 at a level 1 trauma center were included in this retrospective cohort study. Primary outcomes were functional outcomes measured by Lower Extremity Functional Score (LEFS), the Foot Function Index (FFI), and the Quality of Life (QOL) measured by the EuroQol 5-dimension questionnaire (EQ-5D). Linear regression was used to assess the relationship between continuous variables and the outcome, and multivariable linear regression was used to identify the predictors of the functional outcome. Results: Ninety patients were included, of which 73 responded to our questionnaires. The median follow-up time was 50.5 (interquartile range (IQR), 18.3–97.3) months. Our study showed the following results: a mean LEFS of 58.4 (range, 17–80), a median FFI of 15.7 (IQR, 3.5–35.2), a median EQ-5D index score of 0.83 (IQR, 0.81–1.00), a median patient satisfaction of 9.0 (IQR, 8.0–10.0), a patient reported health status of 76.8 (range, 20–100), and a mean AOFAS score of 75.7 (range, 28–100). Implant removal and secondary arthrodesis were associated with a reduced AOFAS outcome score (p=0.001, p<0.001), and implant removal was also a predictive factor for a less favorable LEFS outcome score (p=0.001). Conclusion: Patients who underwent implant removal and/or secondary arthrodesis had poorer functional outcome compared to patients who did not undergo additional procedures. Careful consideration of re-intervention must be made in combination with patient expectation management. Future studies should focus on how to lower the rate of complications and the effect of secondary intervention with the use of validated questionnaires.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2311-2317
Number of pages7
Issue number6
Early online date2022
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022


  • Ankle injuries
  • Patient-reported outcomes
  • Talar body fractures
  • Talar neck fractures
  • Talus
  • Trauma

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