GEC/ESTRO-EAU recommendations on temporary brachytherapy using stepping sources for localised prostate cancer

György Kovács, Richard Pötter, Tillmann Loch, Josef Hammer, Inger-Karine Kolkman-Deurloo, Jean J. M. C. H. de La Rosette, Hagen Bertermann

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Background and purpose: The aim of this paper is to present the GEC/ESTRO-EAU recommendations for template and transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) guided transperineal temporary interstitial prostate brachytherapy using a high dose rate iridium-192 stepping source and a remote afterloading technique. Experts in prostate brachytherapy developed these recommendations on behalf of the GEC/ESTRO and of the EAU. The paper has been approved by both GEC/ESTRO steering committee members and EAU committee members. Patients and methods: Interstitial brachytherapy (BT) to organ confined prostate cancer can be applied as a boost treatment in combination with external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) using a proper number of BT fractions in curative intent. Temporary transperineal BT alone or in combination with EBRT are feasible as a palliative/salvage treatment modality because of local recurrence, however, without large clinical experience. The use of temporary BT as a monotherapy is subject of ongoing clinical research. Results: Recommendations for pre-treatment investigations, patient selection, equipment and facilities, the clinical team, the implant procedure (treatment planning and needle implantation) dose and fractionation, reporting, management of side effects and follow-up are given. Conclusions: These recommendations are intended to be technically and advisory in nature, but the ultimate responsibility for the medical decision rests with the treating physician. Although, this paper represents the consensus of an interdisciplinary group of experts, TRUS and template guided temporary transperineal interstitial implants in prostate cancer are a constantly evolving field and the recommendations are subject to modifications as new data become available. (c) 2004 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-148
JournalRadiotherapy and Oncology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2005

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