Gemcitabine with Cisplatin Versus Hepatic Arterial Infusion Pump Chemotherapy for Liver-Confined Unresectable Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma

Stijn Franssen, Jessica J. Holster, Joshua S. Jolissaint, Lynn E. Nooijen, Andrea Cercek, Michael I. D’Angelica, Marjolein Y. V. Homs, Alice C. Wei, Vinod P. Balachandran, Jeffrey A. Drebin, James J. Harding, Nancy E. Kemeny, T. Peter Kingham, Heinz-Josef Klümpen, Bianca Mostert, Rutger-Jan Swijnenburg, Kevin C. Soares, William R. Jarnagin, Bas Groot Koerkamp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Background: A post-hoc analysis of ABC trials included 34 patients with liver-confined unresectable intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA) who received systemic chemotherapy with gemcitabine and cisplatin (gem-cis). The median overall survival (OS) was 16.7 months and the 3-year OS was 2.8%. The aim of this study was to compare patients treated with systemic gem-cis versus hepatic arterial infusion pump (HAIP) chemotherapy for liver-confined unresectable iCCA. Methods: We retrospectively collected consecutive patients with liver-confined unresectable iCCA who received gem-cis in two centers in the Netherlands to compare with consecutive patients who received HAIP chemotherapy with or without systemic chemotherapy in Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center. Results: In total, 268 patients with liver-confined unresectable iCCA were included; 76 received gem-cis and 192 received HAIP chemotherapy. In the gem-cis group 42 patients (55.3%) had multifocal disease compared with 141 patients (73.4%) in the HAIP group (p = 0.023). Median OS for gem-cis was 11.8 months versus 27.7 months for HAIP chemotherapy (p < 0.001). OS at 3 years was 3.5% (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.0–13.6%) in the gem-cis group versus 34.3% (95% CI 28.1–41.8%) in the HAIP chemotherapy group. After adjusting for male gender, performance status, baseline hepatobiliary disease, and multifocal disease, the hazard ratio (HR) for HAIP chemotherapy was 0.27 (95% CI 0.19–0.39). Conclusions: This study confirmed the results from the ABC trials that survival beyond 3 years is rare for patients with liver-confined unresectable iCCA treated with palliative gem-cis alone. With HAIP chemotherapy, one in three patients was alive at 3 years.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-124
Number of pages10
JournalAnnals of surgical oncology
Issue number1
Early online date2023
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2024

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