OBJECTIVE: Five per cent to 30% of cases of idiopathic isolated GH deficiency (IGHD) have first-degree relatives with short stature, which is suggestive of a genetic aetiology. The HYPOPIT study aimed to obtain an overall picture of gene encoding pituitary GH (GH1) and gene encoding GH releasing hormone-receptor (GHRHR) defects in a Dutch IGHD cohort and to relate them with clinical parameters.
DESIGN, PATIENTS AND MEASUREMENTS: Genetic analysis was performed of exons and exon-intron boundaries of GH1 and GHRHR in 89 Caucasian IGHD patients from 81 families, using denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography (dHPLC), DNA sequencing and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification. In addition, we performed functional studies on novel identified GH1 exonic variants.
RESULTS: Five different heterozygous GH1 mutations were present in 5 out of 81 participating families (6.1%), whereas no mutations in GHRHR were found. Patients with IGF-I SDS < -4.0 and peak GH levels < 5.7 mU/l had a mutation frequency of 40%, in contrast to 6.8% in patients with only one criterion, and 0.0% in patients with none of these criteria (P = 0.00007). Five new GH1 and two GHRHR variants were also identified; two of them (GH1 F92L and D153H) caused a marked reduction of GH secretion in vitro.
CONCLUSION: GH1 and GHRHR mutations are rare in Caucasian Dutch IGHD patients, which suggests the involvement of other genetic determinants in the aetiology of IGHD. IGF-I < -4.0 and peak GH levels < 5.7 mU/l are strong predictors of GH1 mutations in the studied population.
- Body Height
- COS Cells
- Cercopithecus aethiops
- Child, Preschool
- Cohort Studies
- European Continental Ancestry Group
- Gene Frequency
- Genetic Testing
- Genetic Variation
- Human Growth Hormone
- Journal Article
- Receptors, Neuropeptide
- Receptors, Pituitary Hormone-Regulating Hormone
- Recombinant Proteins
- Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't