Genomic Characterisation and Response to Trastuzumab and Paclitaxel in Advanced or Recurrent HER2-positive Endometrial Carcinoma

Martin Koskas, Jeroen Depreeuw, Stijn Moens, Daniela Annibali, Tine Cuppens, Philippe Moerman, Diether Lambrechts, Frederic Amant

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/Aim: Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) positivity is associated with a worse prognosis in endometrial cancer (EC). Trastuzumab as a single agent did not demonstrate activity in such cases but there are no reports on its combined use with taxanes. We report the outcome in patients treated simultaneously with trastuzumab and paclitaxel for advanced or recurrent HER2-positive endometrial carcinoma and compared it to their microsatellite instability (MSI) status and PIK3CA mutational profiles. Patients and Methods: Patients with advancedor recurrent endometrial carcinoma showing HER2 overexpression (2+ or 3+ immunohistochemical staining) or HER2 amplification (fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) HER2/chromosome 17 centromere (CEP 17) ratio >2.0) were treated with trastuzumab (8 mg/kg) and paclitaxel (90 mg/m(2)) every three weeks. Evaluation of the response was assessed according to the response evaluation criteria in solid tumors (RECIST) guidelines. Endometrial tumors, sampled before the beginning of trastuzumab, were genotyped for PIK3CA hot spot mutations using Sequenom iPLEX Assay technology. Results: Two uterine serous adenocarcinomas and one grade 3 endometrioid adenocarcinoma showing HER2 positivity were treated with trastuzumab and paclitaxel. Between three and seven months of treatment, the three cases showed progressive disease. The genomic analysis of the three cases showed different mutational profiles. One case was found to have MSI and had one PIK3CA mutation. The two others showed no hot spot mutation for PIK3CA. Conclusion: Even associated with paclitaxel, HER2-positive endometrial carcinomas poorly responded to trastuzumab. This report underlines the low accuracy of HER2 positivity to predict response of endometrial cancer to combined targeted therapy using trastuzumab and paclitaxel
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5381-5384
JournalAnticancer Research
Volume36
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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