Genotyping of Chlamydia trachomatis strains from culture and clinical samples using an ompA-based DNA microarray assay

Anke Ruettger, Jens Feige, Peter Slickers, Evelyn Schubert, Servaas A. Morré, Yvonne Pannekoek, Björn Herrmann, Henry J. C. de Vries, Ralf Ehricht, Konrad Sachse

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26 Citations (Scopus)


Current typing methods of Chlamydia (C) trachomatis are mainly based on the diversity of the ompA gene, which is coding for the major outer membrane protein A. The present study aimed at facilitating genotyping of strains of this obligate intracellular human pathogen by developing a DNA microarray assay using the ArrayTube (TM) format for individual samples and the ArrayStrip (TM) format for higher throughput. The new test is exploiting multiple discriminatory sites by involving a total of 61 oligonucleotide probes representing genotype-specific polymorphisms in variable domains 1, 2 and 4 of the ompA gene. After multiplex amplification of these domains using biotinylated primers, the sample is hybridized in the microarray vessel under highly stringent conditions. The resulting binding pattern is genotype specific, thus allowing direct identification. We were able to show that DNA from each of the currently accepted genotypes (serovars) yielded a unique, theoretically expected and distinct hybridization pattern. The assay was also shown to be highly sensitive as a dilution containing the equivalent of 1 inclusion-forming unit was still correctly genotyped. In addition, when 62 clinical samples were examined and compared to PCR-RFLP typing results, the genotype was correctly identified by the DNA microarray in all cases. The present test is easy to handle and economically affordable, and it allows genotyping of C. trachomatis to be accomplished within a working day, thus lending itself for epidemiological studies and routine diagnosis. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-27
JournalMolecular and Cellular Probes
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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