Harnwegsinfektionen und Urolithiasis

A. Meissner, C. Mamoulakis, N. Laube

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle*Academicpeer-review

Abstract

The classic "infection stone" struvite is formed as a result of metabolic activity of urease-positive bacteria from alkaline urine with pH-values above 7.5. Due to improved infection diagnostics and antibiotic therapy, the occurrence of infection-related urinary stones in the western industrialized world decreases, despite the generally increasing prevalence rates of urolithiasis in these societies. Struvite is often associated with other mineral phases. These accessory mineral phases could indicate other, non-infection-related causes of urinary stone formation. Thus, mineral analysis is always recommended. Struvite stones as well as struvite encrustations on urinary tract implants are characterized by rapid growth. The rapid growth-related embedding of urease-positive bacteria in the crystalline material makes the urinary stone a persistent source of recurrent urinary tract infections. According to the German Society of Urology guidelines on urolithiasis, a patient with the diagnosis "infection stone" should be assigned to the "high-risk" patient group. Complete stone and debris removal, as well as a special metaphylaxis strategy are required to initiate successful stone therapy
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)623-628
JournalUrologe. Ausg. A
Volume49
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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