Hearing Impairment and Cognitive Energy: The Framework for Understanding Effortful Listening (FUEL)

M. Kathleen Pichora-Fuller, Sophia E. Kramer, Mark A. Eckert, Brent Edwards, Benjamin W. Y. Hornsby, Larry E. Humes, Ulrike Lemke, Thomas Lunner, Mohan Matthen, Carol L. Mackersie, Graham Naylor, Natalie A. Phillips, Michael Richter, Mary Rudner, Mitchell S. Sommers, Kelly L. Tremblay, Arthur Wingfield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

661 Citations (Scopus)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5S-27S
JournalEar and hearing
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • Attention
  • Autonomic nervous system
  • Cognitive capacity
  • Cognitive energy
  • Effortful listening
  • Executive function
  • Fatigue
  • Hearing impairment
  • Listening effort
  • Motivation
  • Neuroeconomics
  • Stress
  • Working memory

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