Hearing-related quality of life, developmental outcomes and performance in children and young adults with unilateral conductive hearing loss due to aural atresia

A. L. Smit, Y. R. W. Burgers, H. F. N. Swanenburg de Veye, I. Stegeman, C. C. Breugem

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: While research has shown that children with single sided deafness have a lower quality of life and developmental outcomes compared to normal hearing peers, little is known about these domains in children with unilateral congenital conductive hearing loss due to aural atresia. Objectives: This study aims to investigate the hearing-related quality of life, developmental outcomes and educational performance in children and young adults with unilateral conductive hearing loss due to aural atresia. Methods: Nineteen children and young adults with unilateral aural atresia received a set of five questionnaires. Hearing-related quality of life (SSQ), general quality of life (Kidscreen-27), speech and language development (CCC-2-Nl), educational performance and problems in social-emotional and behavioral domains (CBCL/YSR/ASR) were measured with validated questionnaires. Scores on the questionnaires were compared to their norm scores. Mann-Whitney U tests and independent t-tests were used to identify significant differences between age groups. Results: Mean scores on the SSQ subscales were speech 6.78, spatial 5.00 and quality 6.98. Mean scores on the Kidscreen-27, CCC-2-NL, CBCL/YSR/ASR fell within normal or non-clinical range. A high number of cases needed speech therapy (60.7%) or special measures in class (79.3%) or showed grade repetition (>30%) in primary or secondary school. Conclusion: Children and young adults with unilateral conductive hearing loss due to congenital aural atresia showed lower scores regarding hearing-related quality of life compared to normal-hearing peers. The result show similarities with children with single sided deafness. Regarding general quality of life, speech and language development and in social-emotional and behavioral domains the studied children and young adults seem to develop according to norm scores. It is important to observe these children closely as they may need guidance during education to allow them to thrive.
Original languageEnglish
Article number110590
JournalInternational journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology
Volume142
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2021

Keywords

  • Aural atresia
  • Children
  • Craniofacial microsomia
  • Development
  • Hearing loss
  • Quality of life

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