Hemodynamic and antiischemic effects of nifedipine, lacidipine, and nisoldipine in rat isolated working heart

A. J. Pijl, M. Pfaffendorf, P. A. van Zwieten

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Abstract

We compared two newer dihydropyridine-calcium antagonists (lacidipine and nisoldipine) with the classic prototype of this group, nifedipine, in the rat working heart preparation. The hearts were paced at a frequency of 5 Hz and perfused with Tyrode's solution of 37 degrees C. The following five parameters were determined: left ventricular pressure (LVP), maximal rate of pressure increase (+dP/dtmax), aortic output (AO), coronary blood flow (CBF), and cardiac output (CO). First, dose-response curves were constructed; from these data the EC50 concentration for the three calcium antagonists was calculated. Subsequently, washout from the cardiac tissue for these three compounds was determined. The effects of lacidipine did not diminish during < or = 90-min washout, whereas the effects of nifedipine disappeared completely in 10 min. The effects of nisoldipine, however, disappeared partly in 10 min. In separate experiments, the antiischemic activity of the three calcium antagonists was analyzed, using low-flow ischemia. The calcium antagonists were used in a concentration that produced a 60% reduction in contractile force (EC60). Nifedipine and nisoldipine caused significant improvement in functional recovery. The antiischemic properties of lacidipine could not be shown because of its slow kinetic properties with accumulation in the membrane phase and slow kinetics with the channel. Nisoldipine and lacidipine appear to be more potent calcium antagonists as compared with nifedipine, whereas lacidipine displays a clearly different kinetic pattern in comparison to nifedipine and nisoldipine. In particular, the extremely slow onset and very long duration of action of lacidipine are of interest
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)381-387
JournalJournal of cardiovascular pharmacology
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1993

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