OBJECTIVE For accurate risk assessment of unruptured intracranial aneurysms, it is important to understand the underlying mechanisms that lead to rupture. It is known that hemodynamic anomalies contribute to aneurysm growth and rupture, and that growing aneurysms carry higher rupture risks. However, it is unknown how growth affects hemodynamic characteristics. In this study, the authors assessed how hemodynamic characteristics change over the course of aneurysm growth. METHODS The authors included patients with observed aneurysm growth on longitudinal MRA in the period between 2012 and 2016. Patient-specific vascular models were created from baseline and follow-up images. Subsequently, intraaneurysmal hemodynamic characteristics were computed using computational fluid dynamics. The authors computed the normalized wall shear stress, oscillatory shear index, and low shear area to quantify hemodynamic characteristics. Differences between baseline and follow-up measurements were analyzed using paired t-tests. RESULTS Twenty-five patients with a total of 31 aneurysms were included. The aneurysm volume increased by a median (IQR) of 26 (9–39) mm3 after a mean follow-up period of 4 (range 0.4–10.9) years. The median wall shear stress decreased significantly after growth. Other hemodynamic parameters did not change significantly, although large individual changes with large variability were observed. CONCLUSIONS Hemodynamic characteristics change considerably after aneurysm growth. On average, wall shear stress values decrease after growth, but there is a large variability in hemodynamic changes between aneurysms.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1738-1744
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of neurosurgery
Issue number6
Early online date29 Oct 2021
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2022


  • aneurysm growth
  • computational fluid dynamics
  • hemodynamics
  • intracranial aneurysm
  • vascular disorders

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