Hemorrhagic Fever Caused by a Novel Bunyavirus in China: Pathogenesis and Correlates of Fatal Outcome

Yong-Zhen Zhang, Yong-Wen He, Yong-An Dai, Yanwen Xiong, Han Zheng, Dun-Jin Zhou, Juan Li, Qiangzheng Sun, Xue-Lian Luo, Yu-Li Cheng, Xin-Cheng Qin, Jun-Hua Tian, Xiao-Ping Chen, Bin Yu, Dong Jin, Wen-Ping Guo, Wei Li, Wen Wang, Jin-Song Peng, Guo-Bin ZhangShaomin Zhang, Xiao-Min Chen, Yan Wang, Ming-Hui Li, Zhenjun Li, Shan Lu, Changyun Ye, Menno D. de Jong, Jianguo Xu

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Background. Hemorrhagic fever-like illness caused by a novel Bunyavirus, Huaiyangshan virus (HYSV, also known as Severe Fever with Thrombocytopenia virus [SFTSV] and Fever, Thrombocytopenia and Leukopenia Syndrome [FTLS]), has recently been described in China. Methods. Patients with laboratory-confirmed HYSV infection who were admitted to Union Hospital or Zhongnan Hospital between April 2010 and October 2010 were included in this study. Clinical and routine laboratory data were collected and blood, throat swab, urine, or feces were obtained when possible. Viral RNA was quantified by real-time reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. Blood levels of a range of cytokines, chemokines, and acute phase proteins were assayed. Results. A total of 49 patients with hemorrhagic fever caused by HYSV were included; 8 (16.3%) patients died. A fatal outcome was associated with high viral RNA load in blood at admission, as well as higher serum liver transaminase levels, more pronounced coagulation disturbances (activated partial thromboplastin time, thrombin time), and higher levels of acute phase proteins (phospholipase A, fibrinogen, hepcidin), cytokines (interleukin [IL]-6, IL-10, interferon-c), and chemokines (IL-8, monocyte chemotactic protein 1, macrophage inflammatory protein 1b). The levels of these host parameters correlated with viral RNA levels. Blood viral RNA levels gradually declined over 3-4 weeks after illness onset, accompanied by resolution of symptoms and laboratory abnormalities. Viral RNA was also detectable in throat, urine, and fecal specimens of a substantial proportion of patients, including all fatal cases assayed. Conclusions. Viral replication and host immune responses play an important role in determining the severity and clinical outcome in patients with infection by HYSV
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)527-533
JournalClinical Infectious Diseases
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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