Hospital variation and outcomes of simultaneous resection of primary colorectal tumour and liver metastases: a population-based study

Collaborators, Dutch Hepato Biliary Audit Group

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Background: The optimal treatment sequence for patients with synchronous colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) remains uncertain. This study aimed to assess factors associated with the use of simultaneous resections and impact on hospital variation. Method: This population-based study included all patients who underwent liver surgery for synchronous colorectal liver metastases between 2014 and 2019 in the Netherlands. Factors associated with simultaneous resection were identified. Short-term surgical outcomes of simultaneous resections and factors associated with 30-day major morbidity were evaluated. Results: Of 2146 patients included, 589 (27%) underwent simultaneous resection in 28 hospitals. Simultaneous resection was associated with age, sex, BMI, number, size and bilobar distribution of CRLM, and administration of preoperative chemotherapy. More minimally invasive and minor resections were performed in the simultaneous group. Hospital variation was present (range 2.4%–83.3%) with several hospitals performing simultaneous procedures more and less frequently than expected. Simultaneous resection resulted in 13% 30-day major morbidity, and 1% mortality. ASA classification ≥3 was independently associated with higher 30-day major morbidity after simultaneous resection (aOR 1.97, CI 1.10–3.42, p = 0.018). Conclusion: Distinctive patient and tumour characteristics influence the choice for simultaneous resection. Remarkable hospital variation is present in the Netherlands.
Original languageEnglish
Early online date2021
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2021


  • Colorectal liver metastases
  • Hospital variation
  • Postoperative outcomes
  • Surgery
  • Treatment sequence

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