The αB-crystallin gene (CRYA2) encodes the abundant lens protein αB-crystallin. A panel of human/ rodent hybrid cell lines, derived from five different parental combinations, was characterized with respect to human chromosomal content and the presence of well-established human chromosome-specific markers. This panel was screened for the presence of CRYA2, using the third exon of the hamster αB-crystallin gene as a probe. The patterns of segregation of CRYA2 with individual human chromosomes show the highest degree of concordance between CRYA2 and chromosome 11. Using cell hybrids containing translocated and/or partially deleted human chromosomes, the CRYA2 gene was localized to 11q12-11q23.