Mapping the network of proteins provides a powerful means to investigate the function of disease genes and to unravel the molecular basis of phenotypes. We present an automated informatics-aided and bioluminescence resonance energy transfer-based approach (iBRET) enabling high-confidence detection of protein-protein interactions in living mammalian cells. A screen of the ABCD1 protein, which is affected in X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD), against an organelle library of peroxisomal proteins demonstrated applicability of iBRET for large-scale experiments. We identified novel protein-protein interactions for ABCD1 (with ALDH3A2, DAO, ECI2, FAR1, PEX10, PEX13, PEX5, PXMP2, and PIPOX), mapped its position within the peroxisomal protein-protein interaction network, and determined that pathogenic missense variants in ABCD1 alter the interaction with selected binding partners. These findings provide mechanistic insights into pathophysiology of X-ALD and may foster the identification of new disease modifiers.
- bioluminescence resonance energy transfer
- fatty acids
- lipid droplets
- living cells
- protein-protein interaction