IL-17 attenuates degradation of ARE-mRNAs by changing the cooperation between AU-binding proteins and microRNA16

Saheli Chowdhury, Annemiek Dijkhuis, Sabrina Steiert, René Lutter

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12 Citations (Scopus)


Interleukin 17A (IL-17), a mediator implicated in chronic and severe inflammatory diseases, enhances the production of pro-inflammatory mediators by attenuating decay of the encoding mRNAs. The decay of many of these mRNAs depends on proteins (AUBps) that target AU-rich elements in the 3'-untranslated region of mRNAs and facilitate either mRNA decay or stabilization. Here we show that AUBps and the target mRNA assemble in a novel ribonucleoprotein complex in the presence of microRNA16 (miR16), which leads to the degradation of the target mRNA. Notably, IL-17 attenuates miR16 expression and promotes the binding of stabilizing AUBps over that of destabilizing AUBps, reducing mRNA decay. These findings indicate that miR16 independently of a seed sequence, directs the competition between degrading and stabilizing AUBps for target mRNAs. Since AUBps affect expression of about 8% of the human transcriptome and miR16 is ubiquitously expressed, IL-17 may in addition to inflammation affect many other cellular processes
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e1003747
JournalPLoS genetics
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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