Impact of Specific Crossing Techniques in Chronic Total Occlusion Percutaneous Coronary Intervention on Recovery of Absolute Myocardial Perfusion

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BACKGROUND: Multiple crossing techniques in chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention have been developed. This study compared recovery of quantitative myocardial blood flow (MBF) after different CTO percutaneous coronary intervention techniques.

METHODS: Consecutive patients with [15O]H2O positron emission tomography perfusion imaging before and 3 months after successful CTO percutaneous coronary intervention between 2013 and 2018 were included. Changes in hyperemic MBF, coronary flow reserve, and perfusion defect size were compared between antegrade wire escalation, retrograde wire escalation, antegrade dissection and reentry (ADR), and retrograde dissection and reentry.

RESULTS: One hundred ninety-three patients were treated with antegrade wire escalation (N=90), retrograde wire escalation (N=24), ADR (N=35), and retrograde dissection and reentry (N=44). Increase in hyperemic MBF (1.19±0.77, 0.94±0.65, 1.09±0.63, and 1.02±0.75 mL·min-1·g-1, respectively; P=0.40) and coronary flow reserve (1.34±1.08, 1.14±1.09, 1.31±0.96, and 1.24±0.99, respectively; P=0.84) and decrease in defect size (3.2±2.1, 3.0±2.2, 2.7±2.1, and 2.9±1.9 segments, respectively; P=0.77) were comparable between the 4 approaches. In addition, recovery of hyperemic MBF was less pronounced after subintimal crossing with knuckle-wire-technique compared with CrossBoss in controlled ADR and retrograde dissection and reentry (0.93±0.69 versus 1.54±0.65 mL·min-1·g-1, P=0.02), and less after reentry using subintimal tracking and reentry in ADR compared with controlled ADR (Stingray) or limited antegrade subintimal tracking (0.60±0.53 versus 1.18±0.54 [P=0.04] and versus 1.49±0.57 mL·min-1·g-1, [P<0.01]).

CONCLUSIONS: Recovery of hyperemic MBF, coronary flow reserve, and perfusion defect size after CTO percutaneous coronary intervention was comparable between different approaches. Although sometimes necessary to cross a complex CTO lesion, subintimal knuckle wiring and subintimal tracking and reentry resulted in less hyperemic MBF improvement compared with other subintimal crossing and reentry techniques.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e008064
JournalCirculation-cardiovascular interventions
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019

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