Impaired antigen presentation in neoplasia: basic mechanisms and implications for acute myeloid leukemia: basic mechanisms and implications for acute myeloid leukemia

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21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

During onset, treatment and progression of acute myeloid leukemia (AML), inadequate immune responses against certain myeloid leukemic blasts might be associated with the occurrence of minimal residual disease and subsequent relapse. Several studies on this subject have demonstrated that, in general, solid tumor cells are able to avoid CD8(+) cytotoxic T-cell recognition by downregulating HLA class I-restricted presentation of tumor-associated antigens. In tumor cells that can express HLA class II molecules, such as myeloid leukemic blasts, abnormalities in the processing pathways of endogenous antigens could also result in impaired HLA class II-restricted tumor-associated antigen presentation to CD4(+) T helper cells. More insight into impaired tumor-associated antigen presentation by myeloid leukemic blasts could explain their escape from immune recognition and might be crucial for selecting appropriate strategies to improve whole-cell or dendritic cell-based tumor vaccine efficacy in the treatment of AML patients
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-97
Number of pages13
JournalImmunotherapy
Volume2
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2010

Keywords

  • Acute Disease
  • Antigen Presentation/immunology
  • Cancer Vaccines/immunology
  • Dendritic Cells/immunology
  • Humans
  • Immunotherapy/methods
  • Leukemia, Myeloid/immunology
  • Neoplasm, Residual/immunology
  • Neoplasms/immunology
  • T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic/immunology

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