Implementation of a Prehospital Triage System for Patients With Chest Pain and Logistics for Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in the Region of Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Rob Adams, Yolande Appelman, Jean G. Bronzwaer, Ton Slagboom, Giovanni Amoroso, Pieternel van Exter, G. P. Jan Tijssen, Robbert J. de Winter

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We aimed to describe the logistics of a prehospital triage system for patients with acute chest pain in the region of Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Ambulance electrocardiograms (ECGs) were evaluated immediately in 1 of the percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)-capable centers. Patients accepted for primary PCI (PPCI) were directly transferred to the catheterization laboratory. Two thousand three hundred fifty ECGs of 2,192 patients were transmitted to the region's intervention centers. Median duration of chest complaints before ambulance dispatch was 67 minutes; ambulance crews recorded the first ECG within 7 minutes after arrival. Actual transmission of the ECG took an additional (median) 10 minutes. Seven hundred eleven patients (32.4%) were transported to the catheter laboratory and were treated with PPCI. Time between first prehospital ECG and start of PPCI procedure was 66 minutes. The PPCI procedure started 36 minutes after ambulance arrival at the hospital. In conclusion, the results of this study compare favorably to other reported performances of prehospital triage systems of PPCI for ST-segment elevated myocardial infarction and demonstrate that the European Society of Cardiology and American Heart Association guidelines for treatment of patients with ST-segment elevated myocardial infarction can be met. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. (Am J Cardiol 2010;106: 931-935)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)931-935
JournalAmerican journal of cardiology
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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