In Patients Undergoing CRS/HIPEC for Colorectal Adenocarcinoma with Peritoneal Metastases, Presence of Ascites on Computed Tomography Imaging is not a Prognostic Marker for Survival

Ibrahim Said, Inge Ubink, Roos S. G. Ewalds, Johanna G. T. Arkesteijn, Henk M. W. Verheul, Johannes H. W. de Wilt, Helena M. Dekker, Andreas J. A. Bremers, Philip R. de Reuver

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Background: Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) combined with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is a potentially curative treatment for patients with colorectal peritoneal metastases (CRPM). Patient selection is key to optimizing outcomes after CRS/HIPEC. The aim of this study was to determine the prognostic value of ascites diagnosed on preoperative imaging. Methods: A prospective database of patients eligible for CRS/HIPEC between 2010 and 2020 was retrospectively analyzed. The presence of ascites, postoperative complications, overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), and completeness of cytoreduction were assessed. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression was performed to identify independent predictors for outcome. Results: Of the 235 included patients, 177 (75%) underwent CRS/HIPEC while 58 (25%) were not eligible for CRS/HIPEC. In 42 of the 177 patients (24%) who underwent CRS/HIPEC, ascites was present on preoperative computed tomography (CT) imaging. Peritoneal Cancer Index (PCI) score was significantly higher in patients with preoperative ascites compared with patients without (11 [range 2–30] vs. 9 [range 0–28], respectively; p = 0.011) and complete cytoreduction was more often achieved in patients without ascites (96.3% vs. 85.7%; p = 0.007). There was no significant difference in median DFS and OS after CRS/HIPEC between patients with and without ascites {10 months (95% confidence interval [CI] 7.1–12.9) vs. 9 months (95% CI 7.2–10.8), and 25 months (95% 9.4–40.6) vs. 27 months (95% CI 22.4–31.6), respectively}. Conclusions: Ascites on preoperative imaging was not associated with worse survival in CRS/HIPEC patients with CRPM. Therefore, excluding patients from CRS/HIPEC based merely on the presence of ascites is not advisable.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5256-5262
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of surgical oncology
Issue number8
Early online date2022
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2022

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