Inclusion of gerodontology in dental curriculum: an urgent case for India

Kamal Shigli, Sushma S. Nayak, Vasanti Lagali-Jirge, Rashmi A. Kusurkar, Jayashri Tamanna Nerali, Fadekemi Olufunmilayo Oginni

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1 Citation (Scopus)


The proportion of older adults is on the rise. Management of dental problems in this group is different from the general population, and hence requires special training. Gerodontology is yet to find its place in the Indian dental curriculum. A lack of training would result in inadequate care delivery. In this article, we share our views on the need for inclusion of the subject, potential challenges, and a guide for incorporation of gerodontology in undergraduate and postgraduate curriculum in the Indian dental institutes. We propose a framework based on the salient features of Kern’s 6-step approach for curriculum development and Kotter’s 8-step change management model. Some features are common to both the models. A combination of these models includes the following salient features: Problem identification and general needs assessment, beginning with a sense of urgency and targeted needs assessment, communication of the vision for change, working in guided coalitions and defining clear goals and objectives, adopting the relevant educational strategies, implementation strategies to enable change and generating short-term wins, evaluating the effectiveness of the curricular reform and sustaining and anchoring the change. The proposed framework may also be useful for countries where gerodontology is yet to be implemented.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)468-481
Number of pages14
JournalGerontology & Geriatrics Education
Issue number4
Early online date2022
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Barriers
  • Kern’s 6-step approach to curricular design
  • Kotter’s 8- step change management model
  • curriculum
  • dental education
  • gerodontology

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