Increased D-dimer levels correlate with binding of activated protein C, but not tissue factor expression, on peripheral blood monocytes in cancer patients

M. R. Nijziel, R. Van Oerle, E. C.M. Van Pampus, H. C.W. De Vet, H. F.P. Hillen, K. Hamulyák

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Monocyte tissue factor expression is supposed to play an important role in the hypercoagulability of blood in cancer patients. The relation between coagulation parameters and the expression of monocyte membrane proteins involved in hemostasis or monocyte activation was studied in 21 patients with a disseminated malignancy and 21 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. In the cancer patient group no increase of monocyte tissue factor expression was found (8.4% vs. 7.8%; P = 0.83), but a significant increase of monocyte-bound activated protein C (APC) (28.8% vs. 13.4%; P = 0.009) and monocyte CD16 expression (34.5% vs. 27.0%; P = 0.007) was observed. There was also a significant increase of D-dimers (2.0 vs. 0.2 μg/ml; P = 0.001), a decrease of antithrombin (83.5% vs. 102.0%; P = 0.004), but no increase of TAT complexes (1.7 vs. 1.5 μg/l; P = 0.38) or factor VII(a) (68.5% vs. 75.0%; P = 0.52). The increase of D-dimers was significantly correlated with the monocyte APC (R = 0.60; P = 0.005), but not with monocyte tissue factor levels (R = -0.22; P = 0.35) or TAT complexes (R = 0.12; P = 0.60). These results reflect a local rather than systemic thrombin and fibrin formation. It is suggested that the APC formed locally enters the circulation and binds to peripheral blood monocytes. APC bound on monocytes is known to inhibit monocyte cytokine production and might therefore be involved in regulatory responses of monocytes in cancer patients. (C) 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)282-286
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican journal of hematology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 26 Aug 2000


  • Activated protein C
  • Cancer
  • D-dimers
  • Monocytes
  • Tissue factor

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