Background Limited studies report on the additional prognostic value of coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) and the coronary artery calcium score (CACS). Methods For a median of 637 days, 1551 outpatients with chest pain, without known coronary artery disease (CAD) and low or intermediate pre-test probability of CAD, were followed for major adverse cardiac events (MACE), defined as death, myocardial infarction or late revascularisation. Cox proportional hazard regression was used to evaluate the independent prognostic value of CCTA and CACS. Results MACE occurred in 23 patients (1.5%): death (3, 0.2%), myocardial infarction (4, 0.3%) and late revascularisation (16, 1.3%). Multivariate analysis showed an independent prognostic value of CCTA (p < 0.001), CACS of 100-400 (p = 0.035) and CACS of > 400 (p = 0.021). CCTA showed obstructive CAD in 3.1% of patients with CACS = 0. No events occurred in patients with CACS = 0 without obstructive CAD at CCTA, whereas 2/23 patients (9%) with CACS = 0 with obstructive CAD had a MACE. Conclusions Our study shows that both CCTA and higher CACS categories have independent prognostic value in chest pain patients with low to intermediate pre-test probability of obstructive CAD, in which CCTA is appropriate. Furthermore a non-negligible amount of patients with CACS = 0 have obstructive CAD at CCTA. CCTA can be used in these patients to identify those at risk for MACE.
- Coronary artery calcium
- Coronary computed tomography angiography